The Patterns of a Conservation Economy
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Wildlife Corridors
Examples of this pattern in action:

For watershed organizing and restoration, the Mattole Restoration Council of Northern California stands out as a pioneering model. In this classic article of bioregional literature, Freeman House, one of the initiators of the Mattole effort, details the Council's history and broader lessons drawn from that experience. This article appeared in Whole Earth Review, Spring 1990.

I-90 Ocean to Mountain Corridor
The Greenway Education Program focuses on the challenge of sustaining a healthy, natural environment in balance with the needs of a growing population. A key element of the Greenway plan is preserving forests along the Interstate 90 corridor in Washington State.

A greenbelt of wilderness and parkland from Goldstream Park to the Sooke Basin. One of the links is a small property between Ayum Creek and the Galloping Goose trail. Sea-to-Sea Green/Blue Belt Alliance (a new coalition of seven local conservation organizations).

Organizations whose work incorporate this pattern:

American Wildlands


Hudson, W.E. Landscape Linkages and Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, DC. 1991.

Little, C.E. Greenways for America. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD. 1990.

Smith, Daniel S and Paul Cawood Hellmund, eds.. Ecology of Greenways: Design and Function of Linear Conservation Areas. University of Minnesota Press. Minneapolis, MN. 1993.

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Pattern Index

A Conservation Economy

Social Capital

Fundamental Needs

Subsistence Rights

Shelter For All


Access To Knowledge


Social Equity


Cultural Diversity

Cultural Preservation

Sense Of Place

Beauty And Play

Just Transitions

Civic Society

Natural Capital

Ecological Land-Use

Connected Wildlands

Core Reserves

Wildlife Corridors

Buffer Zones

Productive Rural Areas

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Forestry

Sustainable Fisheries


Compact Towns And Cities

Human-Scale Neighborhoods

Green Building

Transit Access

Ecological Infrastructure

Urban Growth Boundaries

Ecosystem Services

Watershed Services

Soil Services

Climate Services


Economic Capital

Household Economies

Green Business

Long-Term Profitability

Community Benefit

Green Procurement

Renewable Energy

Sustainable Materials Cycles

Resource Efficiency

Waste As Resource

Product As Service

Local Economies

Value-Added Production

Rural-Urban Linkages

Local Assets

Bioregional Economies

Fair Trade

True Cost Pricing

Product Labeling