The Patterns of a Conservation Economy
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Sustainable Forestry
Examples of this pattern in action:

Sustainable Forests Marketplace

Certified Wood
From paper to furniture and shelter, even the most devoted environmentalist uses some wood. But not all timber is created equal: some is harvested with care and respect for the land, while some is the product of vast clearcuts and deforestation. Until recently, there was no dependable way for the customer to tell the difference…

The Applegate Partnership
The Applegate Partnership was founded in October 1992 when a group of environmentalists, timber industry representatives, federal agency land managers, farmers, ranchers, and community representatives gathered to talk about common views they shared about how the forests of the area should be managed. They shared a mutual desire to formulate a local solution that could address both the ecological and economic issues over which they had been fighting: Until that time, environmental activists and the forest products community had been involved for two decades in a continuing conflict over management of the region's public forest lands.

Canadian Sustainable Forest Management Standards
Standards for Canada that call for sustainable forest management, public participation, performance measurement, and continuous improvement.

Organizations whose work incorporate this pattern:

Collins Company

Forest Stewardship Council

Pacific Forest Trust

Institute for Sustainable Forestry

EcoForestry Institute

Silva Forest Foundation

Rogue Institute for Ecology and Economy

Scientific Certification Systems

Certified Forest Product Council

Rainforest Action Network


Drengson, Alan Rike and Duncan MacDonald, eds. Taylor. Ecoforestry: The Art and Science of Sustainable Forestry. New Society Publishers. Gabriola Island, BC. 1997.

Hammond, Herb. Seeing the Forest Among the Trees: The Case for Wholistic Forest Use. Polestar Press. Vancouver, BC. 1991.

Marchak, M. Patricia, Scott L. Aycock and Deborah M Herbert. Falldown: Forest Policy in British Columbia. David Suzuki Foundation and Ecotrust Canada. Vancouver, BC. 1999.

Maser, Chris. The Redesigned Forest. Stoddart Publishing Co.. Toronto, Ontario. 1990.

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Pattern Index

A Conservation Economy

Social Capital

Fundamental Needs

Subsistence Rights

Shelter For All


Access To Knowledge


Social Equity


Cultural Diversity

Cultural Preservation

Sense Of Place

Beauty And Play

Just Transitions

Civic Society

Natural Capital

Ecological Land-Use

Connected Wildlands

Core Reserves

Wildlife Corridors

Buffer Zones

Productive Rural Areas

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Forestry

Sustainable Fisheries


Compact Towns And Cities

Human-Scale Neighborhoods

Green Building

Transit Access

Ecological Infrastructure

Urban Growth Boundaries

Ecosystem Services

Watershed Services

Soil Services

Climate Services


Economic Capital

Household Economies

Green Business

Long-Term Profitability

Community Benefit

Green Procurement

Renewable Energy

Sustainable Materials Cycles

Resource Efficiency

Waste As Resource

Product As Service

Local Economies

Value-Added Production

Rural-Urban Linkages

Local Assets

Bioregional Economies

Fair Trade

True Cost Pricing

Product Labeling