The Patterns of a Conservation Economy
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Case Studies
Connected Wildlands
Examples of this pattern in action:

The Klamath-Siskiyou Biodiversity Conservation Plan
A plan for a connected wildlands network throughout one of North America's biodiversity "hot-spots" the Klamath-Siskiyou.

Trying to create a 2,000 mile connected wildlands corridor along the Rocky Mountains from the heart of Yellowstone to the Yukon.

Kowesas Watershed Assessment report is intended to provide some important signposts on the path to protecting the Kowesas. It is a multi-disciplinary effort to assess the cultural and natural values of the 40,494-hectare (100,000-acre) valley, including a summary of the findings of a team of scientists, who spent a field season in the watershed last year. The Kowesas River is a glistening, glacier-fed artery that feeds into the milky green waters of the Kowesas estuary. It is one of only 15 rivers in the province that sustain a significant oolichan run. Of these streams, only the Kowesas and the Kitlope are not affected to some degree by logging or industrial activity. Six species of salmonids occur in its cold waters, and the system is home to populations of grizzly and black bear. In all, at least 127 species of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and birds call the place home. Culturally modified trees that date back 395 years, along with Haisla Nation oral histories the extend even further back in time, indicate that people have also found a home in the Kowesas for several thousand years.

Organizations whose work incorporate this pattern:

Northwest Ecosystem Alliance

Trees, Water & People (TWP)/Regional Affiliates


Grumbine, R. Edward. Ghost Bears: Exploring the Biodiversity Crisis. Island Press. Washington, DC. 1993.

Soule, Michael E, ed and John Terborgh. Continental Conservation: Scientific Foundations of Regional Reserve Networks. Island Press. Washington, DC. 1999.

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Pattern Index

A Conservation Economy

Social Capital

Fundamental Needs

Subsistence Rights

Shelter For All


Access To Knowledge


Social Equity


Cultural Diversity

Cultural Preservation

Sense Of Place

Beauty And Play

Just Transitions

Civic Society

Natural Capital

Ecological Land-Use

Connected Wildlands

Core Reserves

Wildlife Corridors

Buffer Zones

Productive Rural Areas

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Forestry

Sustainable Fisheries


Compact Towns And Cities

Human-Scale Neighborhoods

Green Building

Transit Access

Ecological Infrastructure

Urban Growth Boundaries

Ecosystem Services

Watershed Services

Soil Services

Climate Services


Economic Capital

Household Economies

Green Business

Long-Term Profitability

Community Benefit

Green Procurement

Renewable Energy

Sustainable Materials Cycles

Resource Efficiency

Waste As Resource

Product As Service

Local Economies

Value-Added Production

Rural-Urban Linkages

Local Assets

Bioregional Economies

Fair Trade

True Cost Pricing

Product Labeling